The Nikon D6 is the pinnacle of Nikon’s DSLR portfolio, and it is a no-holds-barred camera that places a strong emphasis on speed, performance, dependability, and precision. The D6 is capable in both the photo and video realms, thanks to its 20.8MP FX-format sensor and EXPEED 6 image processor, which together enable a remarkable 14 frames per second continuous shooting rate, a native sensitivity range of ISO 100-102400 (with an expandable range up to ISO 3280000), and UHD 4K video recording at 30 frames per second.
The high-density Multi-CAM 37K autofocus system has been upgraded to include 105 cross-type points, which improves focusing precision and speed, and the camera’s 1.6x wider frame coverage reduces the need to recompose while shooting, which is particularly useful when dealing with stills.
This focusing technique also works with 17 different Group Area AF patterns that may be customized to suit working in congested or busy environments or with subjects that move quickly.
As Nikon’s flagship DSLR, the D6 is, of course, a demanding camera to work with as well. This vehicle’s magnesium alloy structure is combined with thorough weather sealing to provide resistance to dust and moisture. Its strengthened shutter mechanism has been tested for 400,000 shutter cycles.
There includes a huge pentaprism optical viewfinder with 0.72x magnification as well as a rear 3.2-inch LCD display for viewing “Touchscreen LCD with a resolution of 2.36 million dots. Aside from that, the body design has two CFexpress Type B memory card slots, which provide versatile file-saving capabilities. Additionally, inbuilt Wi-Fi and Bluetooth assist with file-saving requirements as well as remote shooting control capabilities.
In addition to wired and wireless LAN connections, the D6 offers a more comprehensive level of connectivity. Additionally, a built-in GPS is included for use with geotagging programs in the camera.
The D6 has a recognizable design as well, with a range of programmable Function buttons distributed throughout the body and an incorporated vertical grip that allows it to be used in both horizontal and vertical shooting configurations.
Sensor and image processor: 20.8MP FX-format CMOS sensor and EXPEED 6 image processor
The 20.8MP CMOS sensor in FX format is combined with the EXPEED 6 image processor to provide a well-proven combination of high sensitivity, nuanced picture quality, and rapid overall performance in a compact package.
To begin, the camera’s basic ISO 100-102400 sensitivity range provides ample flexibility for shooting in a variety of lighting circumstances. The range may be further increased to ISO 50-3280000 (Lo 1 to Hi 5) to handle even the most difficult of scenarios.
The combination of resolution and sensor size also adds to crisp image quality and smooth color transitions, as well as decreased noise over the whole sensitivity range.
Not only does the EXPEED 6 processor improve the image quality, but it also provides an unprecedented level of performance across the whole camera system, including a maximum continuous shooting rate of 14 frames per second for up to 200 consecutive shots.
In sound-sensitive settings, a quiet 10.5 fps rate may be utilized for discrete shooting, and if working in a lower resolution and in live view, up to 60 fps shooting at 2MP or 30 fps shooting at 8MP is available if working in a lower resolution and in live view.
Multi-CAM 37K Autofocus System with 105-Point All-Cross-Type Sensors
The Multi-CAM 37K autofocus technology, which Nikon calls “the most powerful AF in Nikon history,” employs a sophisticated array of 105 all cross-type points to swiftly and reliably acquire focus throughout the frame and in a range of lighting situations.
Using this high-density technology, photographers may set focus practically anywhere inside the frame, reducing the need to recompose the image. As a result of this innovative design, the size of non-AF sensitive areas is reduced, allowing for 1.6x higher effective coverage than in prior models. This results in more accurate and quicker focusing across the frame, with both stationary and moving subjects.
Using the 17 configurable Group Area AF settings, you may set and hold focus on objects with cluttered backgrounds or rapid subject movement when dealing with moving subjects in low light. 15 of the 1053 points are compatible with an effective aperture of f/8 or brighter, allowing for the usage of super telephoto lenses and teleconverters to their full potential. All 1053 points are compatible with effective apertures of f/5.6 or brighter.
A specialized AF engine, which complements a large number of focusing points by providing short response times to benefit tracking fast and randomly moving subjects, even at the highest shooting rate of 14 frames per second, completes the picture. A further benefit of the AF engine is the capacity to focus in a low-contrast environment, with the ability to focus at -4.5 EV for working in extremely dark and low-contrast environments.
In order to increase the adaptability of the focusing mechanism, seven distinct AF-area settings may be selected to accommodate a variety of subject matter. These modes include:
Single-Point AF: When focusing, the camera looks for a single point on the subject.
This mode, which is available with nine, twenty-five, forty-nine, or 105 focus points, employs a single primary focus point to lock onto focus and then makes use of the surrounding points to maintain focus while tracking irregularly moving things.
Group-Area AF: This mode considers smaller groupings of AF points as if they were a single point, resulting in a larger field of recognition. It is particularly useful for tracking faces and other detailed subjects.
Tracking in three dimensions (three-dimensional tracking): This mode uses the color information of a subject to employ all 105 points to keep the focus on a moving subject while half-pressing the shutter button.
All 105 points are used to swiftly identify the primary subject in this mode and detected faces are prioritized as portrait subjects in any AF servo mode.
In addition to the variety of AF-area modes available, an AF lock-on function can be used to improve subject tracking performance. This function can be customized by adjusting two parameters: the speed with which the blocked shot AF response is executed and the consistency with which the subject moves. Through the use of these parameters, the autofocus performance may be tuned to cope with a wide range of subject movement types.
The last feature is the ability to use an exclusive auto AF fine-tune function to ensure that the best possible focus is achieved with each mounted lens. As opposed to utilizing distance charts to obtain exact focus in live view, this feature allows you to fine-tune your focus manually in order to relieve front- and back-focusing difficulties.
4K Ultra-High-Definition Video Recording
The D6 has powerful video recording capabilities, which were designed with the demands of multimedia picture makers in mind. The camera is capable of recording in UHD 4K at frame rates of 30, 25, and 24 frames per second.
Full HD and HD recording are also supported, as is the ability to save movie files to internal memory cards or as uncompressed files to an optional external recorder through the HDMI out connector.
To capture images in both low- and high-light circumstances, a broad range of sensitivities is accessible, ranging from extended ISO 100 to 3280000, and sensitivity levels may be manually adjusted via the specialized movie-shooting menu, just as they do for still photography.
Additionally, a video-optimized Flat Picture Control mode can be employed during recording to flatten the overall contrast curve, allowing for greater control during post-production and color grading operations.
In terms of operation, a dedicated power aperture button (Pv) allows for smooth, continuous exposure transitions when going from light to dark regions, and Auto ISO may be utilized to ensure consistent brightness when working in shifting light conditions.
In addition to using the built-in stereo microphone, an optional external microphone may be connected through the 3.5mm stereo connector for even more control over sound quality when recording. The audio levels may be changed in 20 increments whether the in-camera microphone or an external microphone is being used, and live monitoring is enabled through the headphone connector, which offers 30 various volume levels for playback.
As an alternative to conventional movie recording, time-lapse recording is also available with up to UHD 4K at 30 frames per second output from the camera, for a total of up to 9999 consecutive frames captured over the duration of up to one week.
Designing the Human Body and Connectivity
- A substantial 3.2 “The rear LCD panel has a high resolution of 2.36 million dots, allowing for crisp, vivid playback and live view filming. The display is also equipped with a touchscreen, allowing for more intuitive menu navigation and settings management.
- The touchscreen may also be used while shooting, allowing you to select a focal point or an area from which to change the white balance, among other functions. The screen may also function as a keyboard, allowing you to swiftly insert notes, copyright information, and IPTC metadata into the system.
- The brilliant 0.72x optical pentaprism viewfinder, which covers 100 percent of the FX frame, ensures that framing precision is maintained throughout. A removable DK-27 Eyepiece Adapter also allows you to connect a rain cover straight to the viewfinder, making photography in wet circumstances more comfortable and convenient.
- Built-in memory card slots (two CFexpress Type B/XQD) allow you to expand your file-saving capabilities by enabling overflow recording, in-camera file duplication, and the option to divide raw and JPEG data across the two cards.
- The familiar body design features a vertical grip that is intended to be equally as comfortable and efficient whether the camera is held in a vertical or horizontal mode during shooting.
- More advanced personalization features to aid in the creation of an intuitive and efficient method of operating and working with a camera. These features include the ability to set up re-callable preset camera settings, such as distinct AF settings, that can be used immediately and switched between quickly depending on the shooting situation. To make it easier to get to the settings you need, there are 14 different buttons that can be customized with up to 46 different functions. Additionally, the intuitive I Menu, which is accessible via the I button, provides a shortcut to the most frequently used camera settings, which can be customized to your specific requirements. Additionally, the Custom Settings Menu allows you to save up to four custom shooting combinations, and the Photo Shooting Menu allows you to save up to four custom shooting combinations for faster switching between shooting settings.
- Because of its dust and weather resistance, the magnesium alloy chassis is ideal for operating in tough climates and inclement weather.
- The ergonomic grip and overall form factor are designed to make it easier to handle for extended periods of time. Anti-slip, textured joysticks, and easily accessible card-slot covers add to the convenience of handling for extended periods of time. Aside from that, most of the rear buttons on the back of the camera are lighted to provide improved vision while operating in low-light circumstances, which is very useful.
- The use of an electronic front-curtain shutter helps to reduce mechanical vibrations, which helps to maintain sharpness even while shooting for lengthy periods of time.
- 400,000 actuations have been performed on the high-precision shutter mechanism to ensure that it has a lengthy lifespan.
- When used in single-frame release modes, the integrated EN-EL18c rechargeable lithium-ion battery has been CIPA-rated to endure about 3580 shots per charge, according to the manufacturer.
- Wireless file sharing and remote camera control from a mobile device are made possible by the built-in Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, which operate in conjunction with the Snapbridge app.
- The integrated GPS module allows for geotagging of images captured by the camera.
- High-speed, smooth transmission of still pictures and video files is made possible by the integrated wired LAN function, which adheres to the 1000 Base-T (Gigabit) standard, allowing for the acceleration of the whole post-production workflow. The D6 is also compatible with the optional WT-6A Wireless Transmitter, which allows for more powerful wireless file transmission capabilities.
The use of a scene recognition system and exposure metering is recommended.
In order to quickly determine the most accurate exposure and white balance setting for the scene at hand, the intelligent Scene Recognition System with 3D Color Matrix Metering III makes use of a 180,000-pixel RGB sensor to evaluate and analyze all aspects of a scene, including brightness, contrast, the distance between subjects, and scene colors.
The result is a scene that is more accurately rendered. During the data collection process, the information obtained is compared against onboard reference photographs to guarantee consistency from image to image in terms of exposure, white balance, i-TTL flash settings, and subject-tracking autofocus performance.
Additional Camera Functions
- Focus Shift Mode is very useful when dealing with focus stacking techniques since it automatically records a sequence of photographs taken at various focus stages. Within these phases, the D6 can capture up to 300 separate frames at a time, with the camera automatically adjusting focus between each image to obtain a greater depth of field between shots.
- To facilitate a faster and more efficient post-production workflow, the sequential photographs will be saved in a separate folder on the memory card. This will allow each series of exposures to be easily identified and separated.
- When shooting with long exposures, specific exposure times longer than 30 seconds can be set in order to achieve more accurate results. Selectable periods ranging from 60 seconds to 900 seconds may be set up in the custom settings menu and used in the M mode when the camera is in M mode.
- Post-production times may be cut in half by using the 20 unique Creative Picture Controls, which can be previewed in real-time and applied to both still images and video, allowing you to customize the appearance and feel of pictures.
- It is possible to create multiple exposures in the classic sense by systematically shooting successive frames over one another, or they may be created using any photo already taken with the camera by selecting it from the Retouch menu and editing it.
Nikon D6 Specs
|Body type||Large SLR|
|Max resolution||5568 x 3712|
|Other resolutions||3648 x 2432 (DX-format)|
|Image ratio w:h||1:1, 5:4, 3:2, 16:9|
|Effective pixels||21 megapixels|
|Sensor photodetectors||21 megapixels|
|Sensor size||Full frame (35.9 x 23.9 mm)|
|ISO||Auto, 100-102400 (expands to 50-3280000)|
|Boosted ISO (minimum)||50|
|Boosted ISO (maximum)||3280000|
|White balance presets||12|
|Custom white balance||Yes|
|JPEG quality levels||Fine, normal, basic|
|Autofocus||Contrast Detect (sensor)Phase DetectMulti-areaCenterSelective single-pointTrackingSingleContinuousTouchFace DetectionLive View|
|Number of focus points||105|
|Number of cross-type focus points||105|
|Lens mount||Nikon F|
|Focal length multiplier||1×|
|Screen type||TFT LCD|
|Viewfinder type||Optical (pentaprism)|
|Minimum shutter speed||900 sec|
|Maximum shutter speed||1/8000 sec|
|Manual exposure mode||Yes|
|Subject / scene modes||No|
|External flash||Yes (via hot shoe or flash sync socket)|
|Flash modes||Normal, redeye reduction, slow sync, slow sync w/redeye reduction, rear-curtain sync, off|
|Continuous drive||14.0 fps|
|Metering modes||MultiCenter-weight highlight-weightedSpot|
|Exposure compensation||±5 (at 1/3 EV, 1/2 EV, 1 EV steps)|
|Modes||3840 x 2160 @ 30p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM3840 x 2160 @ 25p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM3840 x 2160 @ 24p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM1920 x 1080 @ 60p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM1920 x 1080 @ 50p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM1920 x 1080 @ 30p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM1920 x 1080 @ 25p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM1920 x 1080 @ 24p, MOV, H.264, Linear PCM|
|Storage types||Dual XQD/CFexpress slots|
|USB||USB 3.2 Gen 1 (5 GBit/sec)|
|HDMI||Yes (mini HDMI)|
|Wireless notes||802.11ac + Bluetooth|
|Remote control||Yes (Wired or smartphone)|
|Battery description||EN-EL18c lithium-ion battery & charger|
|Battery Life (CIPA)||3580|
|Weight (inc. batteries)||1450 g (3.20 lb / 51.15 oz)|
|Dimensions||160 x 163 x 92 mm (6.3 x 6.42 x 3.62″)|